Speech and language services include the assessment, diagnosis, and treatment of communication disorders which adversely affect a child's educational performance. The focus of the Speech and Language Specialists in our schools is to facilitate the development of effective and efficient communication skills so that students may participate as fully as possible in educational, social, and vocational interactions. Speech and Language Specialists conduct assessments and provide therapy for children who have a variety of disabilities in the areas of articulation, language, voice or fluency. Language assessments may involve receptive and/or expressive language, including phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, and pragmatics. Services are provided for eligible students from birth to age 21. Depending on the nature and severity of the disorder, services may consist of individual or group therapy, services integrated in the regular classroom or indirect services through monitoring or consultation with the classroom and/or special education teacher. Intervention services are also provided by our specialists in order to determine the need for an assessment, or provide short-term services. RtI may be provided for students with language or fluency concerns, and our SIP (Speech Improvement Program) services are for students with articulation needs. All of the Speech Language Specialists in KCUSD have earned their Certificate of Clinical Competence (CCC) by the American Speech Language Hearing Association and are licensed by the State of California.